The Home of Italymobility

Tuscany is known all over the world for its beautiful landscapes, its rich artistic legacy and vast influence on culture. Tuscany is widely regarded as the true birthplace of the Italian Renaissance, and has been the home of some of the most influential people in the history of arts and science, such as: Petrarch, Dante, Botticelli, Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Galileo, Amerigo Vespucci and Puccini.

As well as its extraordinary natural beauty and historical heritage, Tuscany is also one of the most developed regions in Italy, thanks to an integrated economic system and its strategic location in the Mediterranean basin which provides access to national and European markets. The habitants of Tuscany are proud of their long history of innovation and entrepreneurial spirit: small-scale family-run industries thrive, with tradition and quality still favoured over quantity.

Food is a strategic sector with cheeses, olive oil and local wines like Chianti and Brunello promoting this heritage all over the world. In Italy the Tuscany economy is one of the most open to foreign markets: there are 3.6 million people in the region which is 6.2% of the Italian population as a whole.

However, the high level of foreign trade is only one of the many examples of the dynamism and openness that characterize Tuscany, a region where warm hospitality and an open attitude towards the outside world are deeply-rooted in the culture and have a relevant and positive impact on all tourist and industrial activities.

The levels of economic success are the result of stable and balanced development, achieved over the years through a successful blend of hard work, creativity, talent and entrepreneurship. The Tuscan economic system draws its strength from the vitality of small and medium-sized companies that constantly change in order to seize new business opportunities, especially in foreign markets. A solid manufacturing tradition has led to the rise of twelve industrial districts and enabled Tuscany to become a leader in the international medium- and high-market segments of fashion (textile, clothing, shoes, leather, tanning and jewellery), paper, marble, wood, furniture and plant production. A growing number of companies operate in R&D-intensive sectors and technology. Furthermore, increasing tourist demand has led Tuscany to be a key market for the hotel and leisure sectors.

According to research carried out by Trivago (2009) three out of the ten most visited locations in Italy are San Gimignano, Florence Cathedral and Siena Cathedral. In the UNESCO world heritage list you find six Tuscan sights (the historical centres of Florence, Siena, San Gimignano, Pienza, Duomo square in Pisa, the Val d’Orcia). According to Martha Bakerjian in, ‘Tuscany, with its spectacular hill towns and scenery, is one of Italy’s top vacation destinations. Tuscany’s travel attractions include historic cities and art, great wine and food, medieval hill towns, beaches, and beautiful countryside’. In addition, USA Today have included Cortona (AR) as one of the ten great places to go off the beaten path in Italy (2011).

Tuscany is one of the mostdeveloped regions in Italy, thanks to its integrated economic system and its strategic location in Mediterranean basin.

General Data

Inhabitants: more than 3.6 millions (almost 160 inhabitants per sq. km.)

Surface: 22,992 sq. km

Regional capital: Florence

International Airports: 2 (Florence and Pisa)

Commercial Ports: 3 (Livorno, Carrara, Piombino)

Railways: 1,400 km

Roads and highways: 11,375 km

Macro-economic data

Nr. of registered companies: > 400,000

Employees: 1.5 mln

Total GDP: 107,000 mln €

Exports: 33,000 mln €

Imports: 28,000 mln €

Tourist data

Arrivals: 11.5 mln

Overnight: 42 mln

Nr. of accommodations: 13,000

  • Hotels: 2,800
  • Non-hotels/other types of accommodation: 10,300

Nr. of beds: 520,000

  • Hotels: 190,000
  • Other types of accommodation: 330,000

Nr. of 5 stars hotels: 52 (7,500 beds)

Nr. of 4 stars hotels: 450 (58,000 beds)

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Subjec t: Coronavirus – exceptional measures with regard to Erasmus+ and European Solidarity Corps projects

In the context of the measures taken by the Italian Government to contain the spread of the Coronavirus infection in Northern Italy, I would like to inform you that the measures announced in our note of 31 January 2020 (ref. Ares(2020)619972) shall be considered fully applicable to any mobility in affected areas of programme and partner countries where the virus is detected and which are considered at risk. In line with the abovementioned note, National Agencies are requested to inform the participating organisations concerned and instruct them to contact the individual participants who already are in, or are planning to leave for the affected areas within the coming days or weeks. Participants should also be reminded of the assistance that can be provided by embassies, consulates and honorary consulates in the country of their stay. It is for the participating organisations and individuals to decide on the course of action to take in the light of national travel advice and repatriation schemes. The National Agencies should however monitor closely, in cooperation with the participating organisation, if the area of the planned mobility can be considered safe by the time of travel for the entire duration of the mobility or project activity. Please be reminded that National Agencies may apply the force majeure clause to activities taking place in any affected area as well as to incoming mobility from these areas, as foreseen in the template of the grant agreement between National Agencies and the beneficiaries and as defined in the programme guide and other contractual documents. National Agencies may thereby cancel, postpone or move activities planned in such regions in the most flexible way, notwithstanding the respect of the general legal framework applying to Erasmus+ and the European Solidarity Corps. Given the exceptional circumstances, the same principles can be applied also to any incoming mobility from affected regions. However, when assessing additional costs linked to a case of force majeure, the National Agencies should apply the provisions established in section 3.16 of the Guide for National Agencies. Justified repatriation costs will be accepted as exceptional costs, whereas normal reporting requirements apply.